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The Most High

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ALLAH (subhan hu wa ta'ala)

ASMAA’ UL HUSNA

The 99 Beautiful names of Allah(swt)

 

Bism-illah Hir rahman Ir rahim

 

ALL PRAISE BELONGS TO ALLAH (swt)

 

‘Say He is Allah, the One, Allah is eternal and Absolute, He begets not, nor was He begotten, there is none equal to Him, He is alone’. Surah Ikhlas (Tawheed) (112)

Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) deserves all the praise as He is the only One worthy of worship. The above Surah - Chapter is called Surah Ikhlas or is also known as Surah Tawheed. This was revealed as the essence of describing Allah (swt). The barkat - blessing of this Surah is that when recited once it is equal to one third of the whole Qur’an. This hadith is reported in Sahih Bukhari. Al Hamda lillah - All Praise be to Allah.

Allah(swt) holds the dominion of all things, all the creation is His and to Him does everything bow. We cannot comprehend His majesty but He is the Knower of the seen and unseen. All the universe in front of His Majesty is less than even the wing of a fly, as reported by a hadith - tradition. From Allah (swt) we have come and to Him we shall return. When praising Allah (swt) and glorifying the Majesty of Allah (swt) we have to remember that our vision, imagination and knowledge cannot even do justice to the Lord of the Worlds. So we need to always be humble and stay in Zikr - remembrance, for this increases our awareness of His glory and brings fear into our hearts. To have true Emaan - faith we need to have Taqwa. This is the fear and awareness of Allah (swt) and if this is absent then we can never follow the path of truth and piety.

To attain this remembrance and Taqwa, we need to understand Allah (swt) and His Majesty by reading the Qur’an and following the words and explanations used by the All Knower and All Wise;

Allah is only One God. (4,171)

Say, Allah is the creator of all things and He is the One, the Almighty. (13,16)

Praise be to Allah, to whom belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. His is the praise in the Hereafter. (34,1)

The thunder hymns His Praise, the angels are in awe of Him’. (13,13)

All that is in the heavens and earth glorifies Allah. (57,1)

Whatever is in the heavens and the earth prostrate before Allah willingly or unwillingly, so do their shadows in the morning and evening. (13,15)

Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth of living creatures, and the angels, prostrate before Allah and they are not proud. (16,49)

Have you not seen that to Allah pay adoration whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the hills, and the trees, and the beasts, and many of mankind. (22,18)

When Allah alone is mentioned, the hearts of those who believe not in the Hereafter are repelled. (39,45)

Everything will perish except His countenance. (28,88)

Trust in the living One, who dies not and hymn His Praise’. (25,58)

He is Allah, the Creator, the Shaper out of nothing, the Fashioner. His are the most beautiful names. (59,24)

When my servants question you concerning Me, then surely I am near. (2,186)

So ask forgiveness of Him and turn unto Him repentant. My Lord is Near, Responsive. (11,61)

Vision comprehends Him not, but He comprehends all vision. (6,103)

His are the keys of the heaven and the earth. (42,12)

To Allah belongs the unseen of the heavens and the earth. (16,77)

Allah is the Knower of the unseen of the heavens and the earth. (35,38)

Not an atom’s weight in the earth or in the sky, escapes your Lord. (10,61)

Allah is Aware of what is hidden in your hearts. (3,119)

Know thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. (2,107)

The Commands belongs only to Allah, the Sublime, the Majestic. (40,12)

None knows the forces of Allah except him. (74,31)

If He decrees a thing, He says unto it ‘Be’ and it becomes. (3,47)

Unto him is the return of all of you, it is a promise of Allah in truth. (10,4)

Who has created life and death that he may try you, which of you is best in conduct. (67,2)

Perfected is the word of your Lord in truth and justice. There is none that can change his words’. (6,115)

 

Asmaa was Sifaat

The belief in the Asmaa was Sifaat is a crucial declaration of Tawheed. These names and unique attributes declare and explain the oneness of Allah(swt), which cannot be associated with any other diety.

Tawheed means Unity, and consists of believing and worshipping one deity. This is the basis of Islam and has to be present for anyone to claim that he/she is a believer in Islam. Islam remains the only authentic Monotheistic religeon today as our belief in the oneness of Allah (swt) is paramount. The other religeons originally preached the same but with time they faltered and became distant from the concept of Tawheed.

The Islamic scholar Dr Abu Ameenah Bilal Phillips wrote a very detailed and descriptive book on the elements of Tawheed called ‘The Fundamentals of Tawheed’ . This highly rated book explained how even Muslims have begun to dilute the level of Tawheed present in their beliefs and practices. Dr Phillips talks about how Islamic scholars have used three catogeries to explain the crucial properties that need to be present if Tawheed is to exist in our beliefs. The categories are; Tawheed ur Raboobeyah – The Unity of Lordship, this is the need to maintain that Allah (swt) is the sole Rabb – Lord of all things that have been created and all that exists. The second category has been called Tawheed al Asmaa Wa Sifaat’, which means the Unity of Allah (swt) names and attributes. This category has been explained as being the belief that Allah (swt) has the attributes and the names that belong to Him and cannot be in any way attributed to any of the creation. The third category is Tawheed ul Ibaadah’. This maintains the Unity of all worship only being for Allah (swt).

Allah (swt) has many attributes which are in the Asmaa ul Husna’- The Beautiful names. Just some being the Knower / the Seer / the Hearer / the Giver and the Protector cannot be shared by any other person or present elsewhere, as this will lead to a form of Shirk - association. There are instances when qualities such as being merciful and kind can be used to describe a mortal but Allah (swt) has these qualities and attributes in an Infinite form without any weakness or limitation. Please note the Prophet (saw) was described as being merciful by Allah (swt) but even then his mercy has been gifted by Allah (swt). We have limited knowledge of Allah (swt) therefore need to be careful of trying to describe His majesty. The Prophet (saw) told his Ummah that they need to ponder only what they can find knowledge of and not be deviated from the Quran and Sunnah by trying to divulge into the knowledge of the Ghaib – Unseen. The Ghaib is the unseen and the unknown, the areas that Allah (swt) has protected and concealed from the creation. Therefore only describe Allah (swt) from the infinite attributes as revealed in the Quran and Sunnah. The belief in Asmaa was Sifaat is also the faith that Allah (swt) does not have any of the weaknesses that the creations have. As Ayat ul Kursi states.

‘Allah, There is no God save him, the Alive, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtake him’. (2,255)

The ‘Asmaa ul Husna’ are listed below and also some examples of the Quranic ayats are given where these sublime names and attributes have been revealed. Al Hamda Lillah.

Allah the Most Exalted said:

"To Allah belongs the Most Perfect and Beautiful Names, so worship Him in
accordance with them and call on Him by them, and abandon those who
deviate with regard to His Names."
[Al-A'raaf (7:180)]

Narrated Abu Hurairah (radhiAllaahu 'anhu) ‘Allah's Messenger (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said "Allah The Most High has ninety-nine names, one hundred except one. Whoever correctly preserves them and acts in accordance with them, retains them in his memory will enter Paradise. He is Allah, other than whom there is none worthy of worship,…

[Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim]

 

Allah

The name of Allah (swt) ‘In the name of Allah, the most beneficent, the most

merciful’. (1,1)

Ar-Rahman

The Compassionate ‘ None has the right to be worshipped but he, the most

Compassionate…’. (2,163)

 

 

Ar-Rahim

Most Merciful ‘He is the one who forgives, the most Merciful.’ (2,37)

 

Al-Malik

The Sovereign ‘ He is Allah, the Sovereign Lord………’ (59,23)

 

Al-Quddus

The One free from all blemish ‘He is Allah, none has the right to be worshipped but he

the King, the Holy, the One free from all blemish’. (59,23)

As-Salaam

The Giver of Peace ‘ the Giver of Peace’ (59,23)

Al-Mu’min

Giver of Peace ‘ the Giver of Peace’ (59,23)

 

 

Al-Muhaymin

The Giver of Protection ‘the protector of all creatures’ (59,23)

Al-Aziz

The Mighty ‘ the All-Mighty’ (59,23)

Al-Jabbar

The Compeller ‘the Compellor’ (59,23)

Al-Mutakabbir

The Self-Glorious

Al-Khaliq

The Creator ‘He is Allah, the Creator’ (59,24)

Al-Bari

The One who Gives Life ‘the inventor out of naught’ (59,24)

 

Al-Musawwir

The Creator of Shapes ‘the fashioner of forms’ (59,24)

 

Al-Ghaffar

The Great Forgiver ‘I am forgiving toward him who repenteth and believeth’

(20,82)

Al-Qahhar

The One who Controls all Things

 

Al-Wahhab

The Giver of all Things ‘grant us mercy from you, truly you are the Bestower’ (3,8)

 

Ar-Razzaq

The Great Provider ‘Allah is the All-Provider’ (51,58)

 

Al-Fattah

The Giver of Decisions ‘He will give judgement between us’ (34,26)

 

Al-Alim

The All-Knowing ‘He is the Knower of all things’ (2,29)

 

Al-Qabid

The Straitener of Sustenance ‘Allah may increase manifold’ (2,245)

 

Al-Basit

The Extender of Rizq ‘Allah straitened and enlargeth’ (2,245)

 

Al-Khafid

The One who Humbles

 

Ar-Rafi

The Exalter

Al-Mu’izz

The Giver of Honour ‘Allah, You endue with honour whom you will…’ (3,26)

 

Al-Muzill

The Giver of Dis-honour ‘You humiliate whom you will’ (3,26)

As-Sami

The All-Hearing ‘Allah, You are the All-Hearer…..’ (2,127)

Al-Basir

The Seer of all things ‘Allah is All-Seer of the slaves’ (3,15)

 

Al-Hakam

The Maker of Judgements ‘Surely, His is the judgement’ (6,62)

 

 

Al-Adl

The Just

 

Al-Latif

The Knower of all Secrets / Most Affectionate ‘His grasp is over all vision, the subtle,

Well acquainted with all things. (6,103)

Al-Khabir

The All-Knowing ‘He is the Omnipotent over his slaves, He is the wise,

the All Knower’. (6,18)

Al-Halim

The Clement ‘Allah is forgiving, The Clement’. (2,225)

Al-Azim

The Great ‘Allah chooseth for his mercy whom he will,

Allah is of Infinite bounty/Great’. (2,105)

 

 

Al-Ghafur

The Forgiving ‘Allah is Forgiving, Merciful’. (2,173)

 

Ash-Shakur

The Highly Grateful ‘He is forgiving and Most ready to Appreciate’. (35,30)

Al-Ali

The Most High ‘He is the Most High, The Most Great’. (2,255)

Al-Kabir

The Great/Infinite ‘The Great, The High Exalted’. (13,9)

Al-Hafiz

The Protector ‘My Lord is Guardian over all things’. (11,57)

Al-Muqit

The Giver of Sustenance and Strength ‘Allah overseeth all things’. (4,85)

 

Al-Hasib

The Reckoner ‘Allah sufficeth as a Reckoner’. (4,6)

 

Al-Jaleel

The One with the Exalted Position

 

Al-Karim

The Benevolent ‘The Lord of the Supreme Throne’. (23,116)

Ar-Raqib

The Care-taker ‘Allah hath been a Watcher over you’. (4,1)

 

Al-Mujib

The Answerer of Prayers ‘My Lord is Nigh, Responsive’. (11,61)

 

Al-Wasi

The All-Embracing ‘Allah is All Embracing, All Knowing’. (2,115)

 

Al-Hakim

The Wise ‘Only Thou, art the All Mighty, All Wise’. (2,129)

Al-Wadud

The Most-Loving ‘My Lord is Most Merciful, Most Loving’. (11,90)

 

Al-Majid

The Most Glorified ‘He is All Praiseworthy, All Glorious’. (11,73)

 

 

 

Al-Baith

The Resurrector of the Dead ‘Allah will raise those who are in the graves’. (22,7)

 

Ash-Shahid

The Witness ‘Allah is sufficient as Witness’. (4,79)

Al-Haqq

The Truth ‘Then are they restored unto Allah, their Lord , the Truth’. (6,62)

 

Al-Wakil

The Trustee ’Put thy trust in Allah, for Allah is sufficient as Trustee’. (33,3)

 

 

Al-Qawi

The Al-Mighty

 

Al Matin

The Strong ‘He it is that give livelihood, the Most Strong’. (51,58)

Al-Wali

The Governor ’Ye have not besides Allah, any friend or helper’. (2,107)

 

Al Hamid

The Praiseworthy ‘The Owner of Praise’. (14,1)

 

Al-Muhsi

The Keeper of Accounts ‘Allah hath kept account of it while they forgot it’. (58,6)

 

Al-Mubdi

The Originator ’The promise of Allah is true, He it is who begins creation’. (10,4)

Al-Mu’id

The One who can Create again ‘and then will repeat it’. (10,4)

Al-Muhyi

The Giver of Life ‘When ye were dead and He gave life to you’. (2,28)

Al-Mumit

The Giver of Death ‘Allah giveth life and causeth death’. (3,156)

Al-Hayy

The Everlasting ‘Allah, There is no God save him, the Everliving….’ (2,255)

Al-Quyyum

The Sustainer of Life ‘the All Sustainer’. (2,255)

Al-Wajid

The All-Perfect

 

Al-Majid

The All-Excellent ‘Lord of the Throne of Excellence’. (85,15)

 

 

Al-Wahid ul Al Ahad

The Unique ‘Thy Lord is surely One’. (37,4)

As-Samad

The Self-Sufficient ’He is Allah, the One, the Self-Sufficient ….’. (112,2)

Al-Qadir

The All-Powerful ‘He is the Wise, the All Powerful’. (35,44)

Al-Muqtadir

The Powerful ‘Allah is Able to do all things’. (18,45)

Al-Muqaddim

The One who Advances

Al-Mu’akhkhir

The Deferrer

Al-Awwal

The First ‘He is the First’ (57,3)

Al-Akhir

The Last ‘and the Last’ (57,3)

Az-Zahir

The Obvious ‘The Obvious’. (57,3)

 

Al-Batin

The Latent ‘The Concealed’. (57,3)

 

Al-Wali

The Governor

 

 

 

 

Al-Muta’ali

The One above all ‘He is the Knower of the invisible and the visible, the Great,

the High exalted’. (13,9)

Al-Barr

The Good ‘He is the Good, the Merciful’. (52,28)

At-Tawwab

The One to whom all return ‘He is the Relenting, the Merciful’. (2,37)

Al-Muntaqim

The One who takes retribution ‘We shall exact Retribution from the guilty’. (32,22)

 

 

Al-‘Afuw

The One who Pardons

Ar-Ra’uf

The Kind ‘Allah is the Kind, Merciful towards mankind’. (2,143)

 

Malik-ul-Mulk

The Possessor of Sovereignty ‘Say ‘O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty’’. (3,26)

 

Dhul-Jalal-Walikram

The Majestic and Benevolent ‘There remain but the Countenance of thy Lord of Might

and Glory’. (55,27)

 

Al-Muqsit

The Just ‘Maintaining his creation in Justice, there is no God but him’. (3,18)_

 

Al-Jami

The One who Assembles ‘Our Lord, It is thou who gather mankind together to a day of

which there is no doubt’. (3,9)

 

Al-Ghani

The One free from all need

 

 

Al-Mughni

The Supplier of Needs

 

Al-Mani

The Withholder

 

Ad-Darr

The One who can Take

An-Nafi

The One who receives all Benefit

 

An-Nur

The Light ‘Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth’. (24,35)

 

Al-Hadi

The One who Guides ‘Allah sufficeth for a Guide and Helper’. (25,31)

 

Al-Badi

The Originator ‘The Originator of the heavens and the earth’. (2,117)

 

Al-Baqi

The Eternal

 

Al-Warith

The Everlasting

 

Ar-Rashid

The Lover of Virtue

 

 

As-Sabur

The Most Forebearing ‘Allah is with the forebearing’. (8,46)