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Basic Islam


Basic Islam

The Basics

The religion of Islam is based on the revelations given to the Final and Most Elevated Messenger of Allah; Prophet Muhammad (Salla lahu Alayhi Wa'ale Hi Wasallam).

in Arabia during the seventh century CE. Muslims believe that there is only one God; Allah (swt). Islam was revealed to humanity by Prophet Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale hi wasallam). Prophet Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale hi wasallam) was a human being, but the most revered and perfect of Allah’s(swt) creation. Prophet Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa'ale hi wasallam) is the last Prophet and Messenger of Allah. Upon mentioning him, Muslims recite (Salla lahu Alayhi Wa'ale Hi Wasallam) meaning; Peace and Blessings be upon him and his family.

Global Unity in Islam

Islam insists on equality of nations and races. The culture of people living in different geographic regions of the Muslim world can only be preserved in the overall framework of Islam. There is as much affinity between the Muslims of the west coast of America and those of the east coast of China as there is diversity. The annual Pilgrimage in Mecca, Saudi Arabia remains the largest religious gathering in the world bringing together people from all nations, colour, caste and language for the collective worship of Allah (swt).

10 Things You May Not Know about Islam

1. The Muslim scripture is the Holy Qur’an.

2. ‘Islam’ is an Arabic word which means surrendering oneself to the will of God, and achieving peace and security by doing so.

3. The Muslim building for communal worship is called a Mosque.

4. Islam is over 1500 years old and began in Arabia.

5. There are around 1.2 billion Muslims in the world.

6. This number makes it the second most popular religion in the world

7. The countries with the largest Islamic populations are in Asia rather than the Middle East.

8. Indonesia has 170 million, Pakistan 136 million, Bangladesh 105 million and India 103 million.

9. In the UK there are around 2 millions Muslims, making it the second most popular religion in the UK.

10. There are two main groups of Muslims:

Sunni Muslims

Shi'ite Muslims

Muslim Culture


A key part of Muslim worship is praying five times a day, it should be in a mosque for men and at home for women. However obligatory prayer can be offered in all places except the bathroom and graveyard. Before prayer Muslims must prepare for the prayers by following the ‘Wudu’ which is largely based on cleansing with water prior to commencing prayer.


Muslims should cover the body. Men should dress in a modest way, covering certain areas of their body. Women should cover their whole body except hands and feet. A veil is also obligatory, protecting women from indecent stares.


Muslims are forbidden to eat any food that is derived from pig or any other carnivorous animal. Meat that is permitted must be slaughtered by the Halal method by reciting the Kalima. Islam also forbids consumption of alcohol, including any dishes that it may be found in.

Any food that is stolen or bought using Haram money (for example, interest and gambling winnings) is also forbidden.

In the words of Prof Hurgronje ' the League of Nations founded by the Prophet of Islam put the principle of international unity and human brotherhood on such universal foundations as to show candle to other nations, the fact is that no nation of the world can show a parallel to what Islam has done towards the realisation of the idea of League of Nations'.
Taken from IPCI literature.